Last day I was thinking with a friend of mine a simple way to encrypt credentials in a Rest API with Basic Auth, the conversation continued and we ended up studying this fascinating protocol (the way an algorithm should be used) called “The Diffie-Hellman protocol”.
It’s usually implemented as a way to obtain symmetric keys that will be used to encrypt some data (in our case the HTTP header). It’s security lies in the difficulty of computing discrete logarithms in a finite body.
This is a diagram showing the usage of that protocol:
For example, Alice thinks two numbers: p and g, being p a prime number and g a number usually between 2 and 5, after that she thinks a random number a (a < p) to do that:
A = ga mod p
She sends g, p and A to Bob. (View the note in the image footer).
When Bob receives the data he thinks a random number b (b < p) and computes that:
B = gb mod p
Then, he sends B back to Alice.
When Alice receives the answer from Bob, she does that:
K = Ba mod p
and Bob does that:
J = Ab mod p
K and J will be equals, so there is the shared and symmetric private key.
I hope you’ve enjoyed this algorithm as much as I.